The loss of one of those ships would have been traumatic. That none was sunk was due in large part to those RAAF crews who tirelessly patrolled Australia's seas. Thoroughness and persistence were the key to their success. Sydney Harbour would be swept before a convoy's departure, after which the area ahead of the ships was constantly searched. The job was made more difficult than it should have been in the early years by the modest performance of the aircraft used, the Avro Anson.
No 452 Sqdn RAAF
So marginal was the 'Aggie's' performance that when in it was fitted with ASV air-to-surface vessel radar it was unable to carry a useful weapons load. The gradual introduction of more capable aircraft like the Hudson and Beaufort eased the task.
The squadron was integrated into the RAF and was equipped with Gloster Gladiator biplane fighters and Westland Lysander light observation aircraft. Based initially on the Egyptian coast about kilometres west of Alexandria, No.
The ensuing dog-fight must have looked like a reprise of World War I as the opposing biplanes looped and turned around each other. No less than nine of the Fiats went after Pelly while the others circled his wingmen; and during the minute engagement Pelly stoically fought-off nine separate attacks. One of the RAAF Gladiators was shot down and the pilot killed, but in turn the Australians destroyed at least three, possibly six, of the Italian fighters.
Success was made even more enjoyable for the Australian airmen when their obsolescent biplanes were replaced by Hurricanes. Helped by a strongly-reinforced Luftwaffe, Rommel's Afrika Korps quickly regained lost ground and, as the allies fell back, No. By late November the grim struggle once again centred on the port of Tobruk, where the allies were under siege. To the unrestrained enthusiasm of the onlooking allied army Jeffrey's formation scored an important victory, shooting down seven enemy aircraft and damaging another eight for the loss of one Tomahawk.
Several days later another intense engagement saw twenty more Luftwaffe aircraft destroyed or damaged. For the next three years the Australian pilots and ground staff fought their way northwards through Tunisia, Sicily, Corsica, Italy, and central Europe, to the final victory over Germany. On 5 December , in what has been described as the 'most brilliant air success of the Western Desert campaign', Caldwell shot down five Ju Stukas in eighteen seconds.
The combat report recorded his astonishing victory:. At yards I opened fire with all my guns at the leader of one of the rear sections of three, allowing too little deflection, and hit No. I then attacked the leader of the rear section The enemy aircraft turned over and dived steeply I was able to pull up under the belly of one of the rear, holding the burst until very close range. The enemy In a tacit admission that the Singapore strategy was flawed and that Britain's Royal Navy was unlikely to appear over the horizon to rescue Australia should war with Japan come, in mid the Australian government started to build-up its air power in Southeast Asia.
Believing that war with Japan was likely sooner rather than later and alarmed by the complacent atmosphere pervading Singapore, McCauley set about inculcating a more professional attitude within the RAAF. He placed operational training and planning on a formal basis, personally supervised the patrols Nos. By December intelligence reports of Japanese shipping and troop movements were making ominous reading.
The two RAAF reconnaissance squadrons were deployed to the east coast of Malaya to put them closer to the likely Japanese line of advance from Indochina, No. Because of time zone differences the enemy landing at Kota Bharu preceded the notorious raid on Pearl Harbor by more than an hour, making the RAAF Hudson crews who responded the first allied airmen to strike a blow against Japan. They fought magnificently, flying through intense anti-aircraft fire to attack with bombs and guns.
Numerous direct hits were scored on the invasion fleet, which was believed to consist of two cruisers, four destroyers, three transports and one landing-craft carrier. At least one of the transports and more than twenty landing-craft were destroyed. Two Hudsons were lost and a third severely damaged, and most were badly shot-up. During a brief lull, with their aircraft pushed into revetments on the edge of the jungle surrounding the airfield, the Australians were advised that the invasion seemed to have been repelled and there was not much to worry about.
Seven Hudsons were left burning from the raid, which was followed during the day by six more.
37 Best WW2 RAF Pilot images in | World war two, Ww2 aircraft, Airplanes
Subsequently a revised intelligence assessment acknowledged with masterful understatement that the invasion had in fact been 'fairly successful'. It was now known that there had been two other landings nearby and it was clear that the airfield at Kota Bharu was a major objective. It was also clear that it was only a matter of time before it was captured. Consequently, less than twenty-four hours after the first shots had been fired, Air Headquarters in Singapore ordered the squadrons to abandon Kota Bharu and fall back to Kuantan.
Buildings and other facilities were hastily destroyed and three Hudsons which could not be flown were put to the torch. Only five serviceable aircraft remained. Heavily overloaded with men and supplies, they came under fire immediately they laboured into the air. Some were pursued down the coast by marauding Zeros. Even though the war was still in its opening phase the Zero had already shown signs that it was dangerously better than the British fighters.
It was also flown better, at least compared to the Australians. Their introduction to combat was no less traumatic than that of the Hudson crews. By the end of the day only four of No. Like their colleagues at Kota Bharu the squadron suffered the humiliation of having to retreat before the first day was over, in their case to Butterworth, sixty kilometres south. A look at what it takes to be a fighter pilot in the Royal Air Force.
Creasing to the book corners with rubbing of the book edges and panels.
No 452 Sqdn RAAF 1941-1945
Browning of the textblock edges and pages. Reading crease to the backstrip. Size: 12mo standard paperback. This book covers the immediate post war years and details the reasons behind the decisions and timescale to the changeover from the dull wartime camouflage schemes and national markings in to the 'silver' schemes and revised national markings. The aircraft and colour schemes of the many and varied aircraft used by the RAF in the Middle East and Near East Air Forces following World War Two, which traces the gradual withdrawal of British interests in these often volatile areas during the s, s and s.
The RAF began flying the Mustang in , using it to fly bomber escort missions, and deploying to support the ground campaigns in Italy and the Balkans.
Category:World War II forces of Australia in the United Kingdom
It was also flown by a number of Polish units in the RAF. The P Thunderbolt was the best fighter available in CBI theatre, where it was flown by a number of aces against the Japanese, mainly in a ground support role. Although these two fighter types are most associated with the Americans, they performed an important role serving in the RAF. A celebration of the famous Essex airfield in words and pictures, from its beginnings in to the present day. The aircraft types and numbers used in the training role during these years was vast, and colour schemes just as eclectic, making for a unique and fascinating reference source for modellers and aviation enthusiasts alike.
Continuing the coverage of the colour schemes and markings of aircraft used to train the pilots and aircrew for the RAF, this book covers the changeover from immediate postwar piston-engined aircraft, through the s and in to the jet age of the s, s and s, and in to the present era of run downs and cut backs, and in to a very uncertain future.
Blue cloth. Titles faded. Stamp inside front board reads 'qantas empire airways Ltd Navigation section hangar 20 Mascot. Book is in good condition with minor general wear and tear and light page discolouration throughout.
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Boards and dust jacket are also in good condition with only light shelf wear, otherwise no other pre-loved markings. Fine Price: This book is more than a gripping account of an individual experience of one of the more extraordinary military events in modern history. It is also a perceptive and thoughtful exercise in establishing the role of memory in human development. This is the autobiography of World War I's greatest air ace.
It includes a complete and detailed list of the Red Baron's victories. Book is in good condition with mild general wear and tear and light page discolouration throughout, otherwise no other pre-loved markings. Light foxing to half-title page, otherwise internally clean. Binding good. This book covers the full history of the s vintage Republic FF fighter-bomber and RFF reconnaissance fighter aircraft, key players of the Cold War. Perfect document for modellers and aviation buffs alike.
Previous owner's name in ink. Very good, spine slightly slanted, owner's details on fep. Book clean and square.
Spine firm, gilt title there-on. Leaves clean. Art-illustrated [probably author], loose-plastic protected dustjacket nominally edgeworn only. A heavyweight single-seater with distinctive, rugged lines, the Thunderbolt lacked elegance, but had strength and fire power. Initially used as a long-range escort fighter protecting Bs and Bs, accredited with over 3, enemy kills, later, when superseded by the P Mustang, converted successfully to a ground attack aircraft accounting for 6, tanks, 9, locomotives plus numerous rolling stock.
Contents include: Intro. Book weight approx. Dust Jacket is in very good condition, without tears or chips or other damage. Edges slightly foxed. Inventory No: X Eames, Jim. The story of the rise and fall of the Federal Airports Corporation. An entertaining read, as well as an important source for scholars, academics and others seeking a factual account of one of the most dynamic periods of our aviation history.
Dust Jacket un-clipped. Although the Crusader was built first and foremost as a Navy interceptor, as has often been the tradition with US fighters, a photo-reconnaissance variant was also produced by Vought. The photo-bird's first operational test came in the autumn of when its overflights of Cuba alerted the world to the likely presence of medium-range ballistic missiles on the Caribbean island.